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008 LASER ROBOT - DAIYA - JAPAN902 viewsRed lithographed tinplate friction robot. Inertia crank action. The robot has a boxy design. The head has a slightly angled face with a red plastic dome on the top. The winder on the back is turned to generate the walking action. Loose grey plastic arms. The robot has a masked or Racoon or face; a prototype is known without this mask. First seen in the 1968 Lewis Galoob Toy Catalog.

The first box has a picture of the robot destroying a city: a feature that harks back to the early robots. The later box is a plainer window box. The earliest version currently dates back to the Daiya catalog for 1967, though the face of the robot has a unique design: a target-like set of circles between the eyes.
DIAMOND PLANET ROBOT RED VERSION - YONEZAWA - JAPAN739 viewsTin wind up. Advances as arms raise and lower, chest meter sweeps back and forth, sparks shoot from behind the red gel near the base and a space sound is emitted. Featured in the 1962 and the 1963 Yonezawa catalogs.

There are two color versions of this robot: red with blue arms, and blue with red arms. A prototype all blue version is known. Other colors such as silver have been reported but remain unconfirmed originals. Blue is more common than red.

This is a real eccentric. This is reputedly a designer robot, the work of Tanaka. However it bears a striking resemblance to the Robot Commando, the large American plastic robot. It seems certain that the Diamond Planet is later than Robot Commando and that it is directly influenced by it. Key evidence is the shape of the hands which mimic the cup design of the ball-throwing plastic robot.
Yonezawa have a unique piece here.Despite its size it's clockwork. (Though there is a panel on the back clearly indicating a possible battery placement.) Secondly the shape is utterly unlike anything else: the ears are complex shell-like structures. They are the shoulder sockets of the Yonezawa Moon Robot. the eyeballs shake about in
TREMENDOUS MIKE, ORANGE VERSION - AOSHIN - JAPAN694 viewsTin wind up. Advances with sparking chest panel and turning antenna. Produced in silver and orange. Dish antenna and red spark window. This is a skirted tin windup robot with spark screen. Produced in silver and orange. This orange version has a relatively large swivelling head with a blue face plate. The body has red arms and a red plate at the top of the chest

The robot makes abrupt turns, the result of a pin descending from the base. This is the Turn-O-Go mechanism, an interesting variation on the way robots change direction. The body pressing is the one used for the Chime Trooper. It's likely that the spark window was the original purpose for the cut-out in the body. This has been adapted as a sound box for the Chime Trooper.

The box is the same for both versions and depicts the silver version of the robot.

Reproductions of both colors have been made.
X-27 EXPLORER - YONEZAWA - JAPAN675 viewsTin friction astronaut. Crank operated robot advances with walking motion and plinking sound. It is a natural partner of the Yonezawa Astro Scout. The legs and feet are the same as on the Robby-Roby-Conehead group. A firm date has not yet been established but the suit design suggests early 1960s.

This inflated-looking astronaut may look odd but it is based on a 1962 Grumman design for a real space suit. The Space General design for extended lunar surface operations allowed the astronaut to withdraw his arms from the flexible manipulators and work within the pressurized 'cabin' of the can enclosing his upper torso and head.
MR ATOMIC - YONEZAWA - JAPAN634 viewsA lithographed tin battery operated robot. Mr Atomic is a distinctive robot. It is a essentially a cone-shaped robot with arms and feet. Head, legs and a face are totally lacking. A large clear dome covers a futuristic bank of twelve lights that look like an early computer display. Two clear plastic ears protrude from the head. Most robots have human shape but Mr Atomic is one of the most radical departures from this tradition; it's as close to a pure robot as the great robot manufacturers ever got.

Bump and go action with either a clicking noise (silver version with white feet) or a whistling sound (blue version with yellow feet). The feet tap up and down and there's a light show behind that screen. The box art is a plain but attractive depiction of the robot.

Mr Atomic featured in the 1962 Sears Christmas catalog, with a price tag of $6.79. Apparently it did not sell well and was soon withdrawn.

The bottom row shows two pictures the 9-light prototype.
RADICON ROBOT - MASUDAYA - JAPAN633 viewsTin battery op. member of the Gang of Five, this wireless remote control robot advances with moving arms, flashing eyes and a lighted chest panel as both antenna turn. Clicking the remote controls the direction and stop functions. 1957

The first and most unusual of the group is the radio controlled Radicon Robot. The robot is a huge 38cms, dwarfing most other robots. The paintwork is a plain hammered grey finish. This is easily the first radio controlled robot. The electronics are, by modern standards primitive. A transmitter generates a high voltage pulse which triggers a light, a spark and a turning action in the robot; it is not a steerable robot. The electronics are unreliable, hard to repair and capable of giving a generous shock if handled improperly. An article on the robot appeared in Popular Mechanics in 1958. The massive ear antenna serves a real function as an antenna. It's worth noting that the arm construction is more complex than the rest of the group: there's an elbow panel holding together the upper and lower arm as opposed to the more simple two piece pressing of the later robots.

ASTRO SCOUT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN628 viewsTin friction astronaut. Crank operated robot advances with walking motion. A partner of the Yonezawa X-27 Explorer. Based on a pressurised Grumman space suit (complete with large number 3 on the chest) from 1962. It's the same suit as the Moon Suit accessory pack for Matt Mason. Originals have Y logo Made in Japan printed below the 3 chest panel.

Serial 3192. Frankonia importer.

No firm date yet, but early 1960s.
APOLLO 2000 - HORIKAWA FOR DURHAM - JAPAN590 viewsBlue and red tin battery op Attacking Martian based on Rotate-O-Matic body. Silver fly eyes, guns behind doors in chest. The box does not carry the SH logo.

There are two versions of the Apollo 2000:
The first one was made for Tarheel Industries. It has all tin doors, a green switch and deep doors - ones with a pronounced ridge.

The second version was made for Durham Industries. It has a red switch, and litho metal doors on plastic.

As these robots have no SH logo they probably don’t appear in Horikawa catalogs.

Apollo 2000 has already been dated to 1969 in a Western Auto Christmas catalog. The Super Robot version with red eyes and more litho detailing on the doors has been sighted in 1972.

ASTRONAUT, BLUE VERSION - DAIYA - JAPAN585 viewsReferred to as the Daiya Astronaut, in preference to the other astronauts by Daiya. Tin battery op. Early 1960s. (Blue version does not have the Cragstan logo). Advances with walking motion. He stops, raises his gun with lighted end and simulated firing sound and repeats the action. This is a particularly bulky tin toy. It was made in two color versions, red and blue. Besides the base color difference, the red version has slightly different litho detailing and carries the Cragstan logo.

The blue version appeared in Higbee's Toys Catalog for 1966, currently the first sighting.

Versions with vinyl child heads were also released.
DOOR ROBOT, DARK BLUE REMOTE - ALPS - JAPAN559 viewsThe Alps Door Robot with an original dark blue (solid colour) remote control and green electric cable. Mostly seen with light green or metallic light blue remote, and sometimes an entwined red & white cable. Probably other colour remotes and cables exist, it is known though, that remote controls from other toys are used to repair Door Robots that have lost their own over the passage of time. Please see the other Door Robot listing for a full description.
SUPER MOON EXPLORER - HK STAR - HONG KONG556 viewsBlack plastic battery operated version of the original SH swiveling astronaut. Cheap and flimsy construction. Paper decal liners inside clear plastic covered chest doors. 12" Hong Kong. Two box variations shown.
TREMENDOUS MIKE, SILVER VERSION - AOSHIN - JAPAN545 viewsTin wind up. Advances with sparking chest panel and turning antenna. Produced in silver and orange. Dish antenna and red spark window. This is a skirted tin windup robot with spark screen. Produced in silver and orange. This silver version has a relatively large swivelling head with a blue face plate. The body has red arms and a red plate at the top of the chest

The robot makes abrupt turns, the result of a pin descending from the base. This is the Turn-O-Go mechanism, an interesting variation on the way robots change direction. The body pressing is the one used for the Chime Trooper. It's likely that the spark window was the original purpose for the cut-out in the body. This has been adapted as a sound box for the Chime Trooper.

The box is the same for both versions and depicts the silver version of the robot.
MUSICAL DRUMMER ROBOT - NOMURA - JAPAN545 viewsTin battery operated remote control robot. Advances with walking motion, lighted eyes and flashing chest panel as he plays his drum. Circa 1956. The tin remote control is shaped like a robot head.
ATTACKING MARTIAN LONG ARM MEDALLION VERSION - HORIKAWA - JAPAN506 viewsTin battery operated robot with fly eyes and firing guns behind opening chest doors. Featuring in the Aldens 1971 catalog where it is called the Mighty Mechanical Walking Robot. The original Attacking Martian has had some changes: long plastic arms and distinctive circular decorations on the door instead of the green plastic windows. The Aldens catalog version shows a robot with the more usual closed tin arms, not the open Busy Cart arms seen here.

This body top was used as the basis (or vice versa?) of the Space Commander Tank Robot.

The 1972 Aldens catalog confirms that the long arms are original.

Box details?
CHIME TROOPER - AOSHIN - JAPAN499 viewsASC tin skirt windup astronaut. Advances as he plays a musical sound. The "tune" is similar to the first few notes of the "Twilight Zone" theme, but the last note destroys the illusion - it's just a coincidence. Skirt.

During operation the astronaut moves forward while emitting a the music box "melody" - it's certainly not a chime, just descending notes. A descending pin makes it turns abruptly and it continues on, arms swinging.

The body pressing is the same as the one used for Tremendous Mike. It is probable that this robot makes use of the Tremendous Mike pressing. The soud box takes advantage of the spark window. There are no known variations of this robot. There is as yet no firm date for the Chime Trooper.
ATOMIC ROBOT MAN - CK? - JAPAN495 viewsOccupied Japan, though the box does not carry the wording. Tin wind up robot with pin feet. The first post-war robot. Two versions exist: a tin arm version (1) and one with cast metal arms (2). There are color variations (3) but these may reflect the vagaries of tinplate lithography rather than intentional releases. The brown color can vary between a rich nut brown and the more familiar grey-brown. Fading of the paint can also lead to supposed variations, often with a greenish hue.

The first sighting is the Miles Kimball catalog for 1949. The tin arm version is pictured in the 1949 catalog. A cast arm version was available at the New York Science Fiction Conference in 1950. (4) It was stamped on the back with details of the conference.

One version of the box carries the 1949 date (5). The maker has not been established yet though the CK company is a strong contender. This robot bears a stylistic similarity to the pre-war Lilliput robot. The lozenge shoes, the pin feet and the lithographic detailing have prompted speculation about the connection between them.
ASTROMAN - NOMURA - JAPAN488 viewsTin and plastic windup astronaut. Advances with walking motion and sparking backpack. It was intended to be a knock off of the spaceman from "2001, A Space Odyssey"; the box art of Nomura's Walking Astroman with Sparks shows a fairly serious looking astronaut and it is in fact a direct copy of a famous still from Kubrik's film. The background has changed but the pose is distinctive.

Nomura decided, however, to base the design on the existing body of a wind up Tetsujin #28 and the result is an inflated comical looking astronaut with an oversized head. The Tetsujin litho has had a total overhall and there's an authentic plastic helmet with an astronaut's face. The rest is, however, the same, right down to the studded collar, cuffs and clenched rubber hands of T #28. The result is that it's fatter and misproportioned in comparison with the box illustration.

The action is unmodified: a switch in the chest starts him walking while a spark mechanism operates. This astronaut has been reproduced and new colors have been introduced.

On the right is the inspiration for the Nomura Astroman, "2001, A Space Odyssey". The artwork is an almost exact copy of the movie still.
CRAGSTAN GREAT ASTRONAUT - ALPS - JAPAN482 viewsTin battery op 1962. Advances with walking motion, moving arms, and a rotating color wheel as a space scene plays on the chest screen. Removable antenna acts as the on-off switch. TV. Based on the very popular Television Spaceman. The space scene in the chest is the same. The dome is appreciably larger than the Television Spaceman and the battery door has been replaced by a highly litho'd alternative. Only produced in an all-tin version. The first sighting of this robot was in 1962, a year after the Television Spaceman. Oddly the picture is of a Great Astronaut but a Television Spaceman is described.

MIGHTY 8 ROBOT aka KALEIDOSCOPE ROBOT - MASUDAYA - JAPAN475 viewsTin battery operated robot with Magic Color. Advances with walking motion and moving arms as the color wheel in his chest turns. kaleidoscope. Dark grey and black versions.

There is a mask with cut out slots, large and smaller "Sparks". Behind that there is a wheel of translucent plastic with colored "sparks" and darkened sections. This wheel has the same pattern as the mask. the wheel turns round with a light behind it: Sometimes the wheel is in phase with the mask then you have bright, single colors. Some times it is out of phase and you have some spluttering of various colours.

The Mighty Robot appears in the 1963-1964 Masudaya catalog.

Masudaya may have been influenced by the Horikawa style of robot. This design may reflect the interests of the factory commissioned to make the robot.

Some version have a very basic brass ratchet strip attached to the soles of the feet to control the forward movement of the wheels.
ROBY ROBOT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN474 viewsTin wind-up robot.. Advances with walking motion as his head sparks. 7.75"H. Circa 1960s. Robby. Same body used for Conehead (Space Robot) and Robby Robot. Roby is an unashamed Forbidden Planet Robby look-alike. There's the complex metal head, very reminiscent of Robby the Robot, the clear panel in the dome and the detailed lithoed detailing that tries to suggest the complexity of the original. The forward pointing arms end in simple flat dangling metal arms. No firm date but Conehead is late 1960s.
DEEP-SEA ROBOT - AHI - JAPAN472 viewsA.N. is something of a mystery company. Their toys were usually imported by AHI Toytime, (Azrak Hamway International) whose logo features prominently on the boxes, and this leads to some confusion. There is clearly a connection with the early Nomura astronaut design, while the accepted maker is 'Naito Shoten'. There's no confusing the fact that they created a superb group of early wind-up astronauts. These are the Inter Planet Space Captain, the Interplanetary Explorer, the Deep Sea Robot, the Spaceman, and the Polar Explorer. The Deap Sea Robot was on sale in August 1957.

The Deep Sea Robot is silver in colour with red detailing and a big blue helmet from which a pair of eyes stare out. The oxygen cylinders are not fully formed, as in most astronauts, but are half pressing instead. There's a design on his leg that is similar to a pattern on the older Nomura Radar Robot. The action is simple, he walks forward and his arms swing.
GIANT MACHINE MAN - MASUDAYA - JAPAN469 viewsTin battery op Circa 1963. Rarest member of the Gang of Five, Machine Man advances with bump and go action as his eyes, ears and mouth light. Skirt.

The low numbers of this robot are, it is suggested, the result of its production circumstances. It is argued that it was created to use up spares from earlier runs of the Gang. Machine Man was a color variation (with new lithographed stampings) based on the Lavender Robot. It did not appear to go through one of the major importers at the time.

There are two minor variations: red eyes and green eyes.

In addition to the 1962 release there are unconfirmed reports of a reissue in the early 70s which uses more modern internal components. A (again unconfirmed) vertical box variation may exist.

1958 - Radicon Robot - F.A.O. Schwarz Catalog
1960 - Non-Stop (Lavender) Robot - F.A.O. Schwarz Catalog
1962 - Machine Man - Bob S.'s recollection of childhood ownership
1962 - Giant Sonic (Train) Robot - Masudaya Trade Ad
1963-64 - Shooting Giant Robot - Masudaya Catalog
1965 - (Target) Robot - Marshall Fields Christmas Catalog
(Joe K.)
38cm FT#8
REVOLVING FLASHING ROBOT aka DOOR ROBOT - ALPS - JAPAN462 viewsTin battery op remote control robot. 1958. Litho'd robot with a small door on the chest that opens. Advances with moving arms, lighted head panel and a clicking sound. Second remote button make the antenna inside his head turn, light flash and head spin as he makes a clicking sound. Pin feet. Pedestal. A version exists with a green plastic inner dome.

This is one robot which has little in common with any others: no recycled pressings, litho or action. It's unique. The Door Robot's box name is Revolving Flashing Robot so the nickname is far more use. The door in question is a curious little hatch that allows a view of a nondescript part of the mechanism. An unplanned benefit is that the light bulb is easy to replace, and the motor contacts are readily accessible. Oddly enough there's a more interesting piece of machinery litho on the hatch .

The robot lacks a face, it's a real impersonal piece. A clear plastic dome contains two of those Robby robot intertconnected disks. The whole assembly spins as the robot moves, and you can't tell front from back. Two pins in the feet provide that charming waddling movement characteristic of 50s robots.
SPACE MAN - MASUDAYA - JAPAN452 viewsRed lithographed tin battery operated astronaut based on the R-35. Astronaut head under a white helmet with a light at the front. A lithographed pouch hangs at his waist.

The robot waddles with the same pin feet mechanism as the R-35 robot. MT. This is the version without a remote control.

On sale in December 1957.
ROBOT LILLIPUT - CK KURAMOCHI - JAPAN442 viewsTin windup robot. Advances with shuffling motion via spikes under his feet that alternately move. (Pin feet) Free swinging arms have claw hands. The lower part of each arm is a separate unit shoved in to the upper arm. This fragile connection means that the lower arm is frequently missing. Lilliput is believed to be the first mass produced robot. The box carries the two logos KT and CK. KT is the manufacturer and CK probably the distributor.

There are two distinct versions of the robot: the difference is that the (presumably first) has a dial that is mounted in a hole in the chest with small tabs; the (later) version has a clockface stamped into the metal with titho clockface. It is assumed that the simpler version is the later; the manufacturer had presumably found a way of stamping the clock depression that would not damage the litho dial.

The design is very similar to the Atomic Robot Man (which has been firmly dated to at least 1949 and self-evidently later than 1945). The Lilliput, however, is a pre-war robot and as such is the first. The Japanese tin toy industry was well-eastablished in the 1930s. Production stopped in 1938 when toy factories switched to war production. The industry did not restart until 1946.

CK (Kuramochi Shoten) was the largest supplier of made in Japan toys prior to WWII. Two of their main employees fearing the companies demise after WWII left to form Normura and Alps. KT (possibly Kuramochi Toys) is a trade mark that is invariably seen on pre WWII toys, usually in conjuction with another trademark such as Masudaya. The manufacturer Komatsudo Seisakusho has also been mentioned, but the information needs clarifying.

In the Nurnberg museum is a Lilliput bearing a trade sample import label dated 2/7/1937. The Liliput had come out the Schuco Toy Company archive. Shuco had ordered this Robot in 1937 for " Benchmarking " When Schuco closed their doors in the 1970s some items from their archive found their way
JUPITER ROBOT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN441 viewsTin battery up remote control robot. Advances with walking motion as his arms swing , the color wheel under the dome lights and turns and one foot clicks as he moves.

Jupiter Robot is a reworking of a number of stock Yonezawa parets: basically it is a Mr Mercury body and Mr Robot head. The only unique features are some tin litho panels and the rather plain box.

Unlike Mr Mercury, which has two motors, Jupiter Robot has only one motor and a simple link to the crank that drive the legs. Though it uses the same pressing for the mechanism, 75% of the gear train is absent. There is no bending or lifting action. This was possibly a "left-overs clearance" model, so there might be several versions. The simplification would have permitted a lower retail price.

Versions with and without the Mr Mercury skirt (the panel that lifts to permit bending) are known.

The Jupiter Robot has the same remote as the Mr. Mercury with one button and three unused holes. The control wire is a green zip cord not the thick black cable on a Mr Mercury.

The robot is first seen in the Yonezawa catalog for 1962 and again in 1963.
SMOKING ROBOT, VERSION C - YONEZAWA - JAPAN440 viewsSee Smoking Spaceman - Linemar for details. 30cm FT#37 The Yonezawa specific robot was available in the Yonezawa catalog for 1963.
RADAR ROBOT TOPOLINO - NOMURA - JAPAN433 viewsTin and plastic battery op robot with gears and screen. The robot walks forward while the gears rotate, a clicking sound is made and a lightning effect flickers in the chest.

When the Radar Robot first appeared in collectors' circles the box wasn't present so it acquired the nickname "Topolino" the Italian for Mickey Mouse because of its big ears.

This robot is a natural partner the Space Robot X-70 (Tulip Robot). The body, arms and legs are from the same molds and the box art looks to by from the same artist.

This robot feartures in the 1971 Nomura catalog, though there are many differences from the production model. Its relative the Space Robot (Tulip Head) appeared in the 1970 Galoob Toy Catalog. This robot must have had a short run, judging by the low number of examples that exist.
ATTACKING MARTIAN, THREE COLOURS - HORIKAWA - JAPAN425 viewsThe 3 colour versions of the 1966 1st type non-rotating battery operated Attacking Martian robot - Brown silver gold in order of rarity - gold being the hardest to find - Made in Japan - mostly tin plate metal with green plastic inserts in chest doors. Earliest have white painted metal battery compartment later changed to plastic. Earlier ones also have a translucent green pointed switch. An easy way to spot the difference between early and later is the tapering of the arm/hand on later ones. You can see the distinct taper on the gold version.

Widely on sale in 1966.
ROCKY ROBOTRON - TOPPER - HONG KONG424 viewsPlastic battery op robot. One of the Robotron series. Walks. Fires three missiles automatically. See also the Ding-A-Ling version of this robot.
MOON ROBOT aka RIBBON HEAD ROBBY- YONEZAWA - JAPAN421 viewsTin wind up Robby. Advances with walking motion as the multicolor ribbons inside his head turn. Paint can show variations. keywind tinplate, he walks forward as colored ribbons in his helmet rotate, sparks are emitted through red gel mouthpiece. Height 10 1/2 in. (26.7 cm.)

There are colour variations of this robot ranging from dark green to near-black. Variation seems to be a characteristic of the paint. In addition there are two types of leg: one with the usual joining tabs, the other (above) with a pressed or crimped seam. The pressed seam version has been seen with a paper "Made in Japan" label instead of the more usual 'Y' logo stamped on the body between the legs. The dome is clear plastic with a distinct pink tinge, a unique feature.

Appears in the Bridgeport Telegram Oct 4 1960. The robot was still available in the Yonezawa catalog for 1963.

The three ribbons in the head are combinations of blue/yellow and red/yellow. Green/yellow is also known. The hands are hard rubber balls with a slot and are prone to cracking.
ROBOT aka HOOK ROBOT, MARUBISHI FOR WACO - JAPAN420 viewsA small 7.5" 18cm skirt robot. Blue lithographed tin friction robot. The robot advances with head turning from side to side. Complex litho of machinery. The mechanism is fairly straight-forward: friction-driven flywheel drives the toy with a moving head and swinging arms. The earliest confirmed sighting is in a newspaper ad for August 1963.

It is generally known as the Hook Robot because of an odd hook shaped antenna attached to the back of the head.

There are two major variations: light blue and dark blue. In addition the light blue has been seen with a red mouth and with a silver mouth.

Some boxes have a Marubishi logo sticker on top of the Waco importer logo.

It is interesting to note the strong resemblance between the Hook Robot and the Yoshiya skirted robots (Chief Robot Man etc) . Both share a very similar design but the connection between them remains a mystery. It was assumed that the Hook was an earlier robot, but this no longer seems to be the case.
ATTACKING MARTIAN, JAPANESE BOX - HORIKAWA - JAPAN420 viewsTin battery operated fly eyes robot with guns behind chest doors. Japanese box with unique artwork. First generation. First generation.
SPACE MAN - NOMURA - JAPAN419 viewsLithographed tin battery operated remote control astronaut.Light blue body with a red helmet. The astronaut has a rifle in one hand and a flashlight in the other. The remote control is square with a rocket graphic. The robot was advertised in November 1958.

1.9.3 ROBOT - MAKER? - JAPAN416 viewsA white plastic barrel-shaped robot with blue plastic feet. Battery operated. The robot has a boy-like face and carries a walkie talkie. Red heart logo on chest. Japanese market box. 193 Maker?
ATTACKING MARTIAN GOLD - HORIKAWA - JAPAN414 viewsMade in Japan by Horikawa trademark 'SH', 1966 first version all tin plate in gold. Battery operated walking action, chest doors open and two cannons pop out flashing with gun noise. Robot version of the Horikawa Attacking Martian. First generation. This battery operated robot came in an an iconic red box with graphics showing many Attacking Martians falling from the sky.

Earliest versions have large tin arms and and the white tin battery box and gold metal chest panel. Widely on sale in 1966.

It is assumed that for economy Horikawa later switched to using a black plastic battery box. These version have the thick tin arms.

One version came in a box with a 'Telsalda' importers label on the lid, who are better known for importing plastic toys and general items into the UK from Hong Kong. - 29cm

APOLLO 2000X WALKING ASTRONAUT - HIRO - JAPAN413 viewsTin and plastic wind up astronaut. Made for Mego. The legs are "solid" with a shuffling walk unlike the flat stepover style of the other Hiro robots. See Cap't Astro, which shares the same body, head, astronaut face and arms, though the spark panel has been replaced by a litho panel.
CRAGSTAN ASTRONAUT, RED VERSION - DAIYA - JAPAN412 viewsReferred to as the Daiya Astronaut, in preference to the other astronauts by Daiya. Tin battery op. Early 1960s. Red version. Advances with walking motion. He stops, raises his gun with lighted end and simulated firing sound and repeats the action. This is a particularly bulky tin toy. It was made in two color versions, red and blue. Besides the base color difference, the blue version has slightly different litho detailing and does not carry the Cragstan logo.

The blue version appeared in Higbee's Toys Catalog for 1966, currently the first sighting.

Versions with vinyl child heads were also released.
ACROBAT ROBOT - HORIKAWA - JAPAN408 viewsPlastic battery operated robot with tumbling action. Lighted eyes. Bump and go. The earliest sighting to date is in the "Japan 1981" catalog where it is called the Acrobatic Robot.

There are two Acrobat robots: yellow and chrome. Yellow is described as new in the 1980 Horikawa catalog and chrome is new in the 1981 catalog.
NON STOP ROBOT aka LAVENDER ROBOT - MASUDAYA - JAPAN402 viewsNon Stop Robot, more usually known as the Lavender Robot: the body has, as the nickname suggests, a basic lavender colouring with copious inset panels carrying abstract machinery detailing. Bump and go mystery action. Gang of Five.

Slight variations are known. There is a "high switch" and, less frequently a "low switch" version. This refers to the location of the on-off switch. High is just below the chest panel. Low is well below the circle. See below.

It is also believed that there is a version with grey litho insert panels rather than the usual lavender color. Some argue that this is the result of fading, but the concensus is that it is a variation.
PLANET ROBOT REMOTE CONTROL - YOSHIYA - JAPAN400 viewsRemote Control early small ear all tin battery operated 1956 version with 'Christmas wire' on light blue remote. Walks briskly with lighted head and mouth area through red gels. Spinner in head creates flashing effect in face as he walks.
SPACE SCOUT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN399 viewsWhite tin friction astronaut. Circa 1958. Inertia crank operated robot advances with walking motion as the needle on the radiation meter swings. Versions with clear and tinted visors. Black dial on the radiation counter. The dome head is the one on the crank operated Yonezawa boy astronauts though the face is the man astronaut. Shoulder antenna with a square shape.
Image Smith House Auctions
WALK ROBOT - HONG KONG399 viewsSmall plastic wind up stepover robot. Three versions pictured.
TALKING ROBOT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN396 viewsBlue plastic battery operated robot with talking action. 11.5" When switch on rear of robot is turned "on", robot walks forward. Pressing any of the four buttons on the chest causes the robot to speak one of two different phrases (both from the original tin version):

"I am the atomic powered robot. Please give my best wishes to everybody."
"I am bulletproof, too. Ha, ha, ha, ha. (followed by two bursts of gunfire)."

Robot can walk and talk at the same time. The head mounted missiles can be launched manually. Catalog/Box number: #36014

Additional info.: The Yonezawa version is a dark brown color with a lithographed tin chest plate. Embossed on the battery cover is the Yonezawa logo and "MADE IN JAPAN". The missiles are red with white fins. The robot appeared alongside an identical looking Singing Robot in the 1978 Toys Catalogue (Yonezawa). It is assumed that the Singing Robot has a different set of recordings.

MECHANICAL COMMANDER ROBOT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN395 viewsTin wind up skirted robot. Until the discovery of a box this was known as the Orange Robot or the R Robot (the R on his belt). It is a rare variation of the Yonezawa skirted robot pressing. The ears look similar to those on the Alps TV Spaceman and the eyes look like those used for the Mighty (Athlete) Robot. The blue Cragstan (Y) Spaceman and red Cragstan Astronaut have exactly the same body pressing. c1967 Item No 807
ZOT THE ROBOT - PLAYART - HONG KONG389 views"The friendly flashing robot." Multicolored plastic battery operated astronaut. Playart were toy distributors for Sears and Woolworths. Window box. Hong Kong. No 3132

Below: color variations
1 Red legs rather than the more usual yellow.
2 Orange arms.
ATTACKING MARTIAN BIG HEAD- HORIKAWA- JAPAN389 viewsThe "big head" version of the small 9 inch tin and plastic fly eye robot. The body has slightly different litho. The head is appreciably larger with red fly eyes. This head is unusual in that it is plastic with a tin face which is held on with screws. It is no bigger than the 11" Attacking Martian but looks oversized on the smaller Attacking Martian. This is a later version than the ordinary head.

Robot walks forward, stops then fires lit up guns which pop out from chest. Straight legs (they don't narrow at the top).
SPACE ROBOT X-70 TULIP HEAD - NOMURA - JAPAN386 viewsTin and plastic battery op. Advances with walking motion as his neck and head light and he makes a clanking noise. He stops, the head panels open and the TV camera revolves as the light flashes and he makes a clicking noise.

This robot appears to have been adapted to make the short-lived Radar Robot (Topolino). The body, arms and legs form the basis of Topolino, though the colors are quite different.

Japanese and English box versions exist. At least two litho variations are known, one (more common) with more litho detailing on the head, and a second version with less detailing and some plain panels. The Nomura catalog for 1971 shows a radically different lithographed version which has not been seen in the wild.

The Space Robot appeared in a Nomura catalog for 1970 and in a Galoob catalog for the same year.
SPACE (DINOSAUR) ROBOT, EARLY VERSION - HORIKAWA - JAPAN385 viewsTin and plastic battery op robot with TV screen showing images of dinosaurs. Early red fly eye Martian head and "spaghetti" shoulder antenna. Plastic dinosaur toy. Japanese box - there does not appear to be an English version. The arms are those used on the Busy Cart Robot.

The Japanese domestic version came with a plastic dinosaur.

ATTACKING MARTIAN - HORIKAWA - JAPAN384 viewsThe more common small / ordinary sized head on a 9 inch tin and plastic battery operated fly eye robot.

Robot walks forward, stops then fires lit up guns which pop out from chest. Straight legs. Second generation.

Two litho versions are known: the earlier one with a grey surround to the chest and a later gold edged version. The grey was new in 1972 and sold with the English and Japanese boxes.

The gold version was new in the 1977 Horikawa catalog, art no 5037.
ATTACKING ROBOT - HORIKAWA - JAPAN383 viewsBlue plastic battery operated robot with three chrome plastic smoking guns set into a tin chest plate that move in and out.

The first sighting of the Attacking Robot is in the 1984 Horikawa catalog, and in the Alps catalog for the same year. Alps are evidently the importer. The robot is very close in design to the Space Fighter. Photo box marks a change from artwork to the cheaper photo box.
ROTATOR ROBOT - HORIKAWA - JAPAN381 viewsSilver tin battery op Swivel-O-Matic astronaut with abstract hypnotic concentric circles behind the visor. Rotates. "He strides through space and stops all of a sudden and then his upper body swivels while swivelling two guns pop out of his chest shooting and blinking with realistic sound. He then stops swivelling and guns retract. Continues walking again." The only known color is silver. The box art, except for the name and eye detail is identical to the other astronauts in the series. It is all tin whereas others have more plastic parts. The hypnotic eyes perhaps owe much to Op Art and the late 1960s psychedelic culture. "Crazy Eyes"
ACROBOT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN378 viewsPlastic battery op tumbling robot. Advances with walking motion and moving arms as the light in his head blinks. Adjustable arms and legs-put him in the position you want. Acrobat 29cm

There are two color variations: a darker blue version with blue feet and a lighter blue with yellow feet or red feet. Pictured are a dark blue version in a Japanese box and lighter blue in an English box.

An interesting note: the yellow feet are much larger than the red feet, presumably to improve stability. The yellow version also has a slightly different internal structure and looks as though it is a later reworking of the design.

This robot is described as a new item in the Yonezawa 1968 catalog.
ROBOT (POWDER ROBOT) - LINEMAR 1958 - JAPAN376 viewsTin battery up robot. First seen in Eaton's catalog 1958. Advances with swinging arms, lighted eyes and lantern as he blows "smoke" from his mouth. Talcum powder is used to make the smoke. This is essentially a litho variation of the Lantern Robot, so the collectors have found an alternative nickname. The smoke is talc - hence the Powder Robot. The box is identical to that of the Lantern Robot and it is sometimes referred to as the Red/Grey Lantern robot or the "smiling" version.

Image Smith House Auctions
BATMAN - BANDAI - JAPAN375 viewsThis is a rarely seen tin battery operated version of Batman character robot. The silver and blue toy is smaller than the Nomura copy and the vinyl head has a more childlike appearance. In the chest is a lighted Batman logo and there's a blue vinyl cape.

Walks, lighting logo in chest. The box has a DC Comics cartoon style graphic of Batman. Released for the Japanese market c1966.
RADICAL ROBOT - YOSHIYA/NGS - JAPAN374 viewsMetallic blue tin battery operated skirted robot with bump and go action. This is basically the metallic blue version of the Chief Robot Man in a different box.

Without the evidence of the box it is be impossible to say whether a particular robot started life as a Chief Robot Man or a Radical Robot. The box art is appreciably different. The box carries the Cragstan logo and the NGS logo.

The color is usually metallic blue but silver grey versions have found their way into Radical boxes, either at the factory or later. The arms are always metal.

Circa 1962.
CRAGSTAN ASTRONAUT BOY FACE - YONEZAWA - JAPAN371 viewsTin friction crank action skirted astronaut. Currently dated to 1962. This is a friction inertia crank operated robot. The astronaut advances with shuffling motion as he makes a clicking noise. This toy has a fixed mouth. The blue Space Man variation has a moving mouth. Based on the Yonezawa skirted robot body.

Two versions of the astronaut are known: the one shown here has the boyish face (as used for the Yonezawa Space Man). The other has an older man's face.
PLANET ROBOT REMOTE CONTROL, RUBBER HANDS - YOSHIYA - JAPAN370 viewsTin battery operated Robby with soft rubber hand small ear version c.1962 with soft green wired metallic blue remote. When remote control button is pressed the toy walks forward at a brisk pace while head and mouth area light through red gel as spinner inside head creates a flashing effect. Vertical scanner spins as he walks.

The tin battery op version with rubber hands has a firm Japanese museum production date of 1962.
ELECTRIC ROBOT AND SON, BLACK/ RED VERSION - MARX - USA370 viewsThis robot in its black/red version has been documented to 1955. The white bulb eyes original, they're distinctive in that they are white, not clear glass. The white comes off easily. Electric Robot (and son) came with plastic hammer and screwdriver, but no wrench.

Electric Robot and Son has an antenna adjustment knob, knobs for right and left arm movement, morse code bottom with morse code written on the back of the robot's head, forward and reverse switch, left and right movement switch.

It is believed that all 3 color variations were produced in both "Electric Robot" and "Electric Robot & Son" versions. Printed on the back of the head are the words: "Morse Code" and followed by the Morse Code alphabet. This handy reminder was useful after the robot's antenna was raised and the buzzer button activated. Widely on sale in November 1955.

There is very elusive tan colored variation.

The Electric Robot (as opposed to the version with son) has an additional piece of plastic molded inside just above the tool drawer. It serves as a lid to prevent the tools from spilling out of the drawer when closed. The Electric Robot that came with the Son, has no such lid. United States
SPACE COMMANDO, GREEN VERSION - MASUDAYA - JAPAN369 viewsTin battery op remote control astronaut based on R-35 pressing. Pin-foot Pedestal. Light in helmet. Square tin litho remote control with forward and backward movement. 1958
SPACEMAN aka PORTHOLE ROBOT - LINEMAR - JAPAN366 viewsRed lithographed tin battery operated remote control astronaut. The astronaut looks very much like a deep-sea diver with the white domed head that encloses most of the head, except for a small visor. The dome has a light mounted on the top. There is a tin rifle in the right hand There is some delightful litho detailing of a pistol and a wrench on the front of the robot.

This astronaut is clearly based on the early Nomura astronaut body, with the long thin legs and distinctive feet. Power is provided from a blue tin battery remote control unit with a single button.

Featured in the Aldens & Spiegel catalog for 1957
MODERN ROBOT - YONEZAWA - JAPAN365 viewsTin battery operated skirted robot with bump and go action: "Automatic Maneuvering Actions". Basically identical to the sliver Cragstan Robot complete with the lightning bolt on the chest plate. The only difference is the name on the chest plate: Modern Robot. . The box art is also identical except for the name and removal of the Cragstan logo. A Modern Robot was advertised the Indiana Gazette in December 1964.

Note that the robot has same yellow battery box with red and white batteries drawing as the Directional Robot.
SPARKY ROBOT, BLUE LITHO VERSION - YOSHIYA - JAPAN357 viewsTin wind up. Circa 1962. Advances with walking motion as his eyes and mouth spark. Blue lithographed version. Second version "detective" box. KO
BATTERY OPERATED ROBOT, ZOOMER - NOMURA - JAPAN355 viewsTin battery op Circa 1956. Advances with walking motion as his eyes light. TN Coiled spring antenna on the head.

Not strictly a Zoomer: the box is a one-off promoting this unique color scheme. But in all other respects it's a typical Zoomer. This version also appeared in a "regular" Zoomer box.

Version 4: Blue face and body, red hands and feet Rare box variation depicts this color combination (apart from the ears).
Zoomer Family 20cm FT#28
FLASHY JIM - SNK - JAPAN354 viewsMetallic blue battery operated robot with remote control. Advances with walking motion and lighted eyes and mouth. Remote. The feet have pins ending in small disks. Box marked SNK ACE. SHIN NICHI KOGYO

Shin Nichi Kogyo company. Same pressing as Robby the Roving Robot and Sparkling Mike. Also used for the Robot 5 by Kanto, the TV Robot by Sankei, and the Mighty Robot

Appears in the 1956 Alden's catalog.
INTERPLANETARY EXPLORER - AN NAITO SHOTEN - JAPAN353 viewsLithographed tin wind up astronaut. This is one of a series based on the same pressing. Green body with an orange helmet completely covering the head. A stylized pair of blue eyes are printed in a panel. The astronaut has a rifle in his right hand. There is a dimpled red back pack or oxygen pack on the back.

Advances with walking motion as arms swing. See the Deep Sea Robot for details. Naito Shoten connection. The leg pressing are identical to those used in early Nomura robots.

Two box versions:
1. AN logo only
2. AN logo and AHI logo
3. AN logo with additional importer Toytime No 3622 - also marked HTC on the side.

Newspaper advertisement dates this to November 1957
WHEEL-A-GEAR ROBOT - TAIYO - JAPAN351 viewsTin and plastic battery op robot with complex pulley driven visible gears in the chest. Walks with spinning gears and flashing lights. The eyes pan up and down. (the eyes are mounted on a horizontal shaft running from left to right, that pivots up and down by way of a connecting lever to one of the arms.)

Plastic arms, legs and feet. Though not visible in the photo there is a long metal antenna at the back. The Wheel-A-Gear is the first of the two Taiyo robots. Versions are known with and without lights in the head and the dome - they can either have a head and dome light, or no light at all.

It appears in the Aldens catalog for 1967. See also Blink-A-Gear (which has first been sighted in Gamble Aldens Christmas 1969 Catalog.

Note: a sales receipt dated 12-25.1965 gives the possibility of an earlier origin.
RADAR SCOPE SPACE SCOUT, ASTRONAUT VERSION - HORIKAWA - JAPAN348 viewsThis is the nine inch battery operated astronaut version of the Radar Scope Space Scout. The clear lens found on the Fly-Eyed version is replaced with the “Magic Mirror” which simulates a mirror effect and when lit from behind displays the same space scene as Fly-Eyed version. Tin and plastic battery op robot. 23cm. Note that this uses the same head as the Mars King astronaut.

This is probably later than the robot version because the body is a later style. The current earliest sighting is in Simpsons Sears Christmas 1969 catalog.

TETSUJIN T-28 NO. 3 - Nomura - JAPAN347 viewsMetallic blue lithographed tinplate walking Tetsujin robot. The rocket backpack is made of clear red plastic. Wind up action. Walks with sparks in the rocket backpack. 24cm 1964
ATOM ROBOT - YOSHIYA - JAPAN347 viewsTin wind up/inertia crank action skirted robot. Bump and go mystery action. Loose swinging arms. There are two distinct body variations, one with a silver color and one is silver blue. In addition the are two eye colors: red eye and yellow eye. There is possibly also a green eye.

An example has been found with a sound clicker mechanism inside, driven by a thicker flywheel. The first sighting is in Western Auto Christmas Catalog for 1964.
MIGHTY ROBOT - YOSHIYA - JAPAN346 viewsTin and plastic battery operated. Metallic blue body. Red plastic arms. Transparent plastic head with many visible plastic gears. Advances with mystery action as the lights inside his head spin and gears on both sides of his head turn. He also emits a clicking noise. KO skirt. This robot only appears with the plastic arms.

First catalog sighting 1965.

SPACE MAN - NOMURA - JAPAN343 viewsTin battery operated astronaut robot. Silver body, red limbs and a white helmet. Advances with walking motion as his helmet lights and his arms swing. He carries a space gun and a lighted torch. Square remote control battery box marked "Battery Box". spaceman. Pictured in a newspaper ad for September 1957, though the accompanying description was incorrect.
ASTROMAN - DUX - W GERMANY341 viewsAn early classic plastic battery operated remote control robot. 1959. Advances with walking motion with a light in the chest. Functions include bending over, opening and closing arms. West Germany.

The transparent green plastic components are attached to the metal chassis. The head is made of a luminous plastic. The plastic antenna is notoriously fragile. Components, particularly the clear plastic dome, are inclined to distort.

The German patent for this toy was issued in 1959. The first firm dating is in a Dux catalog for January 1959.

BIG LOO - MARX - USA340 viewsPlastic battery op. Multiple action robot with the following functions - blows whistle, squirts water, eyes light and flash, voice with phrases, fires darts, rings bell, sends Morse code, fires balls, fires rockets and bends. Includes two darts, two rockets, three balls, whistle and the grenade. United States

On sale October 1963.

SMOKING ROBOT - JAPAN340 viewsTin battery op. Smokes.
SUPER ASTRONAUT LATER STYLE - HORIKAWA - JAPAN340 viewsJapanese box version of the tin battery operated robot with rotating action, opening doors and shooting guns. It has the thicker arms and the silver hands. Also released with the hollow plastic arms. English and Japanese boxes.

This is a strange assembly. None of these are copied by SJM. The version with the chrome on the doors is art 5045 new in 1979 SH catalog known as "Super Robot. A ssilver head version is also shown.

The Super Astronaut yellow door version is a later robot; it appears as art 5068 in the 1985 catalog but is earlier - 1982-84.
ROBOT 5 - GREY-BLACK VERSION - SANKEI - JAPAN340 viewsTin wind up robot with pin feet. This is the more common version of what is a rare robot. Robot 5 is available in three colors:
1 Grey-Black
2 Pink (Grey-Black with a pink glaze)
3 Light blue.

The box for Robot 5 is basically a Sparkling Mike box (Robot 5 is a lithoed up Sparking Mike) with three key differences:

a) Sparkling Mike has a one piece box with lid - whereas the Robot 5 is a true two piece top and bottom box.

b) On the bottom left hand corner of the box cover on the Sparkling Mike is the importer trademark ACE. On the Robot 5 box this trademark is replaced by the Sankei trademark.

c) Robot 5 came in two basic variations - a black/grey version and a pink champagne one. On the small part of the box bottom grey cardboard was stamped the word Red or Black with an oval circle around it.

The box for the light blue version has not been documented.
SUPER SPACE EXPLORER - HK STAR - HONG KONG338 viewsTin battery operated robot with TV screen in chest. Reissue of the silver SH Space Explorer battery op astronaut with TV screen. Spaghetti antenna. Box art depicts 5 children looking at robot.

The black robot is predominantly plastic with sharp angles on the screen (as opposed to slightly rounded screen corners). Television robot.

Listed in the 1971 Azrak Hamway International catalog.
ANSWER GAME ROBOT - ICHIDA - JAPAN331 viewsA static lithographed tinplate robot. This large robot has a green body, yellow arms, gold head and a multicolored base. Battery operated with a flashing light on the top. The robot is a calculating machine, able to do basic addition and subtraction. Some box versions carry the Amico brand of the distribution company.

There are two distinct versions, one with three levers (left) and one with four (right). The box art only shows the three lever version and is probably the original artwork. It appears that the fourth lever, marked A, was added later to resolve problems with lock up of the complex mechanism. It acts as a reset lever.

First sighted on the cover of the Western Auto Christmas Catalog, 1966 - it's only a line drawing, but it's there.
SPACE CONQUEROR, 3 VARIATIONS - DAIYA - JAPAN330 viewsThree color variations of the tin battery op astronaut. The blue and green versions have identiacl litho detailing, only the base color varies. The red Cragstan Astronaut has significantly different litho.

The red X-70 dates from 1961, the blue Space Conqueror from 1962. A firm date for the green version is needed, but considering the litho similarities it is likely to be closer to 1962.
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